A Handbook of Biological Illustration by Frances W. Zweifel PDF

By Frances W. Zweifel

ISBN-10: 0226997006

ISBN-13: 9780226997001

This booklet is designed to aid biologists who needs to create their very own illustrations and artists who're faced with surprising organic topics. the writer, an skilled organic illustrator, offers sensible directions and suggestion at the attention of dimension and of printing techniques, selection of fabrics, tools for saving time and hard work, drawing concepts, lettering equipment, and mounting and packing the completed illustrations. She explains the best way to produce transparent and tasty charts, graphs, and maps, so necessary to technological know-how guides. although this primer doesn't conceal photographic concepts, it does contain recommendation on retouching, cropping, and mounting pictures and on utilizing pictures of organic matters as aids in drawing. This moment version is up-to-date to mirror the numerous technological adjustments in paintings fabrics and printing tactics that experience happened because the book's first book, and it comprises a completely new bankruptcy on making plans, designing, and mounting the poster displays that experience develop into a vital a part of meetings held through clinical societies. additionally incorporated are the necessities and conventions abnormal to organic representation and a bibliography of valuable reference works. "Every biology scholar who intends to write down a thesis merits to possess this publication, as does the biologist who intends to submit or paintings up a few visible aids for his personal use. there isn't any cause to restrict the ideas of this guide to the sector of biology; it may be invaluable to different particular components of science."—Evan Lindquist, American Biology instructor (from a overview of the 1st variation)

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Extra resources for A Handbook of Biological Illustration

Example text

Another reason to proceed gradually over the entire picture is that a n Black-and-white Illustrations FIG. 22 Joining inked lines using a fine pen artist tends to draw differently at different times, which could cause the drawing to look disjointed. It is wise to keep the drawing lighter in tone and to space the shading lines or dots a little wider than you really desire, because reduction and printing tend to thicken the lines slightly and "close up" the drawing, thus darkening the picture in general.

Hatching lines should run ivitli the contours whenever possible. Use a flexible point so you can change the pressure while drawing and thus vary the line from fine to broad. The strokes should not end in "hooks"; pick up the pen at the end of the stroke and then move into the next stroke. Occasionally, however, hachures are slightly curved at the ends to suggest creases or indentations (see fig. 25). It may be advisable to plan each line lightly in pencil on the final drawing paper and to follow these guidelines exactly with the pen.

12 Proportional dividers. (Courtesy Keuffel & Esser Company) Miscellaneous Materials and Equipment Below are some special items that may be useful, depending on their availability, the amount of illustrating to be done, and the financial resources of the artist. ) or computer typesetter The Preliminary Drawings Introductory Remarks The purpose of a biological illustration is to clarify or demonstrate what is contained in the written work. To acco~nplishthis elid, there are several guiding principles that are applicable to all biological illustrations executed in any style or medium.

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A Handbook of Biological Illustration by Frances W. Zweifel

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