By C.L. Sheng
1.1 Utilitarian Theories This e-book is a monograph on ethical philosophy and social philosophy, really the a part of the philosophy of economics that's concerning the final distribution challenge. It provides a complete moral conception, including an software of the idea to distributive justice. the point of view of this conception is utilitarian. in spite of the fact that, this thought is various in a few the most important issues, in addition to in minor information, from all present sorts of utilitarianism. ethical philosophy bargains primarily with the ethical judgment of activities, i. e., no matter if an ethical motion is true or flawed, stable or undesirable. The judgment is mostly in line with a line of logical reasoning, which are traced to a last cause known as the justification or final precept. a moral thought is a self-consistent approach outfitted upon a uncomplicated, or final, precept. An final precept can by no means be conscientiously confirmed, and isn't designated. various philosophers identify assorted moral theories upon diverse rules. consequently, within the historical past of improvement of ethical philosophy, there were a good number of moral theories and colleges. Even wi skinny an identical college having an identical final precept, assorted philosophers could have diverse models of the idea, as a result of small adaptations within the interpretation of the final word precept or within the elaboration of the details.
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Extra resources for A New Approach to Utilitarianism: A Unified Utilitarian Theory and Its Application to Distributive Justice
8. 1 The Problem of Interpretation In recent developments of utilitarian theory, emphasis has been placed on how to formulate a statement defining a right action such that a right action should always produce maximal utility. It was contended by nonutilitarians that a prescription for a right action by actutili tarianism occasionally does not result in maximal utility. For instance, in some exceptional cases, such as the slave system and the punish-the-innocent problem, the prescription in accordance with the principle of utility is said, by nonutilitarians, to be wrong because the prescription seems to them incompatible with the principle of justice.
Wesley E. Cooper, Kai Nielsen and Steven C. Patten (Guelph, Ontario: Canadian Association for Publishing in Philosophy, 1979), pp. 47-62. John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism, 52. See, for instance, A. Bergson, Welfare, Planning and Employment: (Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1982), pp. 3-27, and K. J. Arrow, Social Choice and Individual Values (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1963), pp. 22-33. Selected Essays in Economic Theory 53. See Note 48, pp 58-59. 54. Jan Narveson, "The Desert Island Problem," Analysis, Vol.
143-186. See also R. B. Brandt, A Theory of the Good and the Right (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979). Hill: Utilitarianism, 21. R. G. Frey, "Introduction: Utilitarianism and Persons," in Utility ed. R. G. Frey (Minneapolis, Minnesota: The University of Minnesota Press, 1984), pp. 3-19. and Rights, 22. John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, Massachusetts: University Press, 1971), p. vii. Harvard 23. See Note 17. While John Rawls' view is utilitarian in this paper, later he develops a contractarian theory in his book A Theory of Justice, and his view seems to become deontological.
A New Approach to Utilitarianism: A Unified Utilitarian Theory and Its Application to Distributive Justice by C.L. Sheng