Download PDF by Leonard Nelson, Fernando Leal, D. G. Carus: A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies

By Leonard Nelson, Fernando Leal, D. G. Carus

ISBN-10: 3319207822

ISBN-13: 9783319207827

Presented as a Vorlesung within the German philosophical culture, this publication offers the main specific account of Nelson’s approach to argument research, celebrated via many luminaries equivalent to Karl Popper. It was once written in 1921 towards the relativistic, subjectivistic and nihilistic trends of Nelson’s time. The ebook comprises an exposition of a mode that could be a additional improvement of Kant’s transcendental dialectics, by means of an program to the severe research of arguments by means of many well-known thinkers, together with Bentham, Mill, Poincaré, Leibniz, Hegel, Einstein, Bergson, Rickert, Simmel, Brentano, Stammler, Jellinek, Dingler, and Meinong. The ebook provides a basic idea of philosophical argumentation as noticeable from the point of view of the common fallacies dedicated by way of anyone arguing philosophically, even if expert philosophers or philosophical laypeople. even if the character of philosophy and philosophical argumentation is without doubt one of the such a lot recurrent items of mirrored image for philosophers, this booklet represents the 1st try at a normal thought of philosophical fallacy. in response to Nelson, it's within the form of fake dilemmas that mistakes in reasoning constantly emerge, and fake dilemmas are continually the results of an analogous mechanism--the unwitting alternative of 1 suggestion for another.

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The assumption turns out to produce an astonishing number of results, and this shows it is convenient. This appears at first sight to be highly reassuring, and Poincaré certainly felt reassured by this solution to the question. But the unbiased critic will soon Poincaré’s conventionalism is further discussed in Chapters “Lecture X” and “Lecture XI”. For a modern exposition of this doctrine, see Ben-Menahem (2006). 5 See Le Roy (1899, 1900). 6 Poincaré’s French has, La terre tourne, which is quite accurately rendered by Nelson’s German, Die Erde dreht sich.

Kuhn, Thomas S. 1977. The essential tension. Chicago: University Press. Nelson, Leonard. 1917. Kritik der praktischen Vernunft [Critique of practical reason]. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht [Reprinted in Nelson (1971–1977), vol. IV]. Nelson, Leonard. 1921. Spuk—Einweihung in das Geheimnis der Wahrsagerkunst Oswald Spenglers, und sonnenklarer Beweis der Unwiderleglichkeit seiner Weissagungen, nebst Beiträgen zur Physiognomik des Zeitgeistes: Eine Pfingstgabe für alle Adepte des metaphysischen Schauens [Phantoms—Initiation to the secrets of Oswald Spengler’s art of prophecy, plus some contributions to the physiognomy of the spirit of the times: A pentecostal gift for all fans of metaphysical intuition].

What will become of the value of science if its general principles are merely conventions? 5 Natural science can no longer lay claim to imparting truth through its so-called natural laws. Anyone who seeks to be taught the truth must appeal to another source. Truth only flows within the traditions of the church. Poincaré, somewhat dismayed by the conclusion his disciple had drawn from his own doctrine, attempted to protect his science against this attack from dogmatic theology. He was in a difficult position, since consistency was clearly on the side of his follower Le Roy.

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A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies by Leonard Nelson, Fernando Leal, D. G. Carus

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